Animal Proteins vs Vegetables Proteins. What’s the difference and what’s the BEST? Every food source whether it’s protein, fats, carbs or fiber will have different mineral and vitamin status’ so it’s an essential part of optimal health to have a good variety and selection within your diet (hence why I’m not a massive fan of IIFYM which only accounts for total calories and macros) Basically, protein is an essential building block for human physiology. It aids in the building and repair of muscle, cells and tissue. It also plays a role in the immune system, digestion and hormone production. So yep you’ve got it, we all need protein even if we’re not bodybuilders. But what’s the difference between animal protein and vegetable proteins and which is the best? There’s a few differences between animal proteins and vegetable proteins but for the purpose of body composition the main difference that we’re going to talk about is the amino acid availability. There are 20 amino acids in total, We need a combination of 13 amino acids to form a complete chain and trigger protein synthesis. Animal proteins are complete chains. Vegetable proteins are incomplete chains. So does that mean that vegetarians can’t trigger protein synthesis and grow muscle? Nope…. If you’re eating a vegetarian diet you just need to combine 2 or more sources to form a complete chain. You’ll need to check off your combinations to a chart and ensure you are actually forming complete chains and not just doubling up on certain amino acids but here’s an example of what a vegetarian complete chain combination would look like. –Hummus and Pita– –Rice and Peas– That’s a good starting point. So animal proteins are superior but with a little work a vegetarian diet can be perfectly adequate as well.
By Stephen Arnold